NSAID Toxicity in Your Cat or Dog

Have you ever heard of NSAIDs? Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are very common for humans, but they’re dangerous for pets. Learn more here from a vet in London, ON.

Why Are NSAIDs Poisonous?

NSAIDs work by blocking cyclooxygenase enzymes (COX enzymes), which cause pain and inflammation in response to stimuli like injuries. But too much blockage of these enzymes results in serious side effects like damage to the stomach lining and reduced blood flow to the kidneys.

What are the Symptoms?

Lethargy, nausea, increased thirst and urination, vomiting and diarrhea (possibly bloody), and stomach ulcers are some of the initial signs of NSAID poisoning. Without treatment, seizures, collapse, and death can occur.

How is Poisoning Treated and Prevented?

Pets in the earlier stages of NSAID poisoning may have the stomach flushed, or vomiting may be induced. In more serious cases, fluid replacement and blood transfusions might be necessary. Obviously, preventing the problem ahead of time is far preferable—do this by restricting your pet’s access to any and all medications, including NSAIDs. Never leave the medicine cabinet open, and store medication bottles where pets can’t reach.

For more great tips on pet safety, call your veterinarians London, ON right away.